I recently came across one of the oldest family documents I have an image of: the marriage record of my 10x great-grandparents George Morton and Juliana Carpenter. And it’s the only one in Dutch.
George and Juliana were refugees who fled religious persecution in England. Together with their fellow Separatists, they were welcomed in Leiden and spent many years there before migrating to Plymouth Colony. George’s name was used as the author of Mourt’s Relation, a 1622 account of the founding of Plymouth Colony, although the book is generally assumed to be the work of Edward Winslow and William Bradford, who were eager to attract more colonists to the enterprise.
George Morton was born in Austerfeld, Yorshire, England on 2 August 1584 to George Morton and Catherine Bown. Juliana Carpenter was born 17 March 1584 in Wrington, Somerset, England to Alexander Carpenter and Priscilla Dillon. As this record indicates, they were married in Leiden on 22 July 1612.
Here’s a translation of the record from the Trouwregister, marriage register (the first three dates are banns, public announcements of the upcoming marriage):
The first the 7th July 1612
The second the 14th July 1612
The third the 21st of July 1612
Are married before Frans Adriaensz. van Leewen and Jacob Paedts aldermen this 23rd [22nd?] July 1612
Registered The fourth of July 1612. George Morton, Englishman from York in England, a young man and merchant, accompanied by Thomas Morton, his brother, and Roger Wilson, [?] his acquaintance, with Juliana Carpenter, young daughter from Bath also lying in England, accompanied with Alexander Carpenter her father, Alice Carpenter her sister, and Agnes Robinson [?] her acquaintance.
And just for fun a transliteration:
’t Ie den 7 – 7 – 1612
’t IIe den 14 – 7 – 1612
’t IIIe den 21 – 7 – 1612
Zijn getrout voor Frans Adriaensz. van Leewen en[de] Jacob Paedts schepenen dezen XXIIIen [XXIIen?] july XVICXII.
Aengeteyckent den VIen july 1612. Joris Morthen Engelsman van Jorck in Engelant jonghman en[de] coopman, vergesel[s]chapt met Thomas Morthen zijn broeder en[de] Rogier Wiltzoen zijn bekende met Julijaen Carpenter jonge dochter van den Baert mede gelegen in Engelant, vergeselschapt met Alexander Carpenter haer vader met Elsgen Carpenter haer zuster en[de] Agnes [?] Robbissen haer bekende.
Not being an expert in Dutch or the script of the time, I have relied on a translation from a Dutch genealogy forum. So I can’t say exactly if the date shown is 23 July. According to The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, (Boston: New England Historical Genealogy Society, 2010 at americanancestors.org), George and Juliana were married on 22 July. This work is considered an authoritative source.
George and Juliana migrated to Plymouth Colony in 1623, probably on the ship Anne. The brought with them five children (Nathaniel, Patience, John, Sarah and Ephraim). They were accompanied by Juliana’s sister Alice (who was named as a witness in the marriage record), who would marry William Bradford, governor of Plymouth Colony. Only months after they arrived in Plymouth, George died at the age of about 38, leaving Juliana a widow. Although she married Manasseh Kempton in 1627, at the time of George’s death she was in great need. Her brother-in-law, Governor William Bradford, helped to raise the children, taking my 9x great-grandfather Nathaniel into his household. Juliana died 19 February 1664 “aged four score and one year.”
The long-time clerk of the colony, Secretary Nathaniel Morton wrote the first history of Plymouth Colony, New England’s Memorial, compiled largely from the notes of his uncle Governor Bradford. In this book he had this to say about his father George:
The latter of the two forenamed, namely Mr. George Morton, was a pious, gracious, servant of God, and very faithful in whatsoever public employment he was betrusted withal, and an unfeigned well willer, and according to his sphere and condition, a suitable promoter of the common good and growth of the plantation of New Plimouth; laboring to still the discontents that sometimes would arise amongst some spirits by reason of the difficulties of these new beginnings but it pleased God to put a period on his days soon after his arrival in New England, not surviving a full year after his coming ashore. With much comfort and peace he fell asleep in the Lord, in the month of June, anno 1624.
Some 400 years after her death, Nathaniel’s sister Sarah would gain fame as the subject of the popular children’s book Sarah Morton’s Day.
The full document available from Erfgoed Leiden en Omstreken (Heritage Leiden and Surrounding Areas) is below:
Citation: Schepenhuwelijken (1592-1795), part: 198, Period: 1611-1633 Trouwen Gerecht B. juli 1611 – april 1633.